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Bass Guitar Scales & Modes












Bass Guitar Scales & Modes

				
The earliest acknowledgment of the scales and modes were 
said to have been formed and given credit to the ancient 
Greeks and their tribes,naming the scales and modes after 
their most important tribes. 

For example, the "Ionian" tribe, 
or the "Phrygian" tribe.It was also rumored that many churches 
during the early middle ages had also used these scales.
They have scince been changed over the course of time, to 
what we as bass guitarist and musicians know today as the 
7 modes of the major scale.

                    Diatonic Scales

A diatonic scale may be defined as dia=8, tonic =note.
In thus , meaning that the diatonic scale, is an 8 note 
scale.There are 7 different notes, and the 8th note being 
the octave.

Here are the 7 modes in correct order played in the key of A
Diatonic Major.You will see how each mode goes from the 
tonic note to its octave. In otherwords, Ionian goes from 
the tonic note A to the octave A. Dorian is played from 
the tonic note B to B octave and so on. 

Each mode has a 
different use and a different sound.

A Ionian                       B Dorian 
G :-----------------------------------------------4------
D :----------------4--6--7---------------4--6--7---------
A :-------4--5--7---------------4--5--7------------------
E :-5--7---------------------7---------------------------
    A  B C#  D  E  F# G# A   B  C# D  E  F# G# A  B


  C# Phrygian                 D Lydian

G :-------------------4--6------------------4--6--7------
D :----------4--6--7---------------4--6--7---------------
A :-4--5--7------------------5--7------------------------
E :------------------------------------------------------
    C# D  E  F# G# A  B C#   D  E  F# G# A  B  C# D


  E Mixolydian               F# Aeolian

G :-------------4--6--7--9------------4--6--7--9--11-----
D :----4--6--7---------------4--6--7---------------------
A :-7----------------------------------------------------
E :------------------------------------------------------
    E  F# G# A  B C#  D  E   F# G# A  B  C# D  E  F#



G# Locrian                     A Octave

G :-------4--6--7--9--11--13------4--6--7--9--11--13-14-
D :-6--7-----------------------7-------------------------
A :------------------------------------------------------
E :------------------------------------------------------
    G# A  B  C# D  E  F#  G#   A  B  C# D  E   F#  G#  A

_________________________________________________________

                 Playing Modes In Boxes

Dont confuse this with the modes taught above. These modes
are ALL in the key of A. The modes taught above began in 
the key of A Diatonic Major. First was A Ionian, B Dorian,
C# Phrygian, and so on.
Show here is A Ionian, A Dorian, A Phrygian ect...
All of these scales are widely used for all forms of music.

  A Ionian                   A Dorian


G :------------------------------------------------------
D :----------------4--6--7---------------------5--7-----
A :-------4--5--7---------------------5--7--9------------
E :-5--7---------------------5--7--8---------------------
    A  B C# D  E  F# G# A    A  B  C  D  E  F# G  A 

   A Phrygian                A Lydian

G :------------------------------------------------------
D :-------------------5--7------------------4--6--7------
A :----------5--7--8---------------4--6--7---------------
E :-5--6--8------------------5--7------------------------
    A  A# C  D  E  F  G  A   A  B  C# D# E  F# G# A


A Mixolydian                 A Aeolian

G :------------------------------------------------------
D :----------------4--5--7---------------------5--7------
A :-------4--5--7---------------------5--7--8------------
E :-5--7---------------------5--7--8---------------------
    A  B  C# D  E  F# G  A   A  B  C  D  E  F  G  A 



A Locrian                     A Super Locrian
G :------------------------------------------------------
D :-------------------5--7----------------------5--7-----
A :----------5--6--8-------------------4--6--8-----------
E :-5--6--8-------------------5--6--8-------------------- 
    A  A# C  D  D# F  G  A    A  A# C  C# D# F  G  A


A Phrygian Dominant          A Lydian Dominant


G :------------------------------------------------------
D :-------------------5--7------------------4--5--7------
A :----------5--7--8---------------4--6--7---------------
E :-5--6--9------------------5--7------------------------
    A  A# C# D  E  F  G  A   A  B  C# D# E  F# G  A 

A Harmonic Minor

G :------------------------------------------------------
D :-------------------6--7-------------------------------
A :----------5--7--8-------------------------------------
E :-5--7--8----------------------------------------------
    A  B  C  D  E  F  G# A
 ________________________________________________________

                   Synthetic Scales

These are known as scales that are not considered to be 
from the Diatonic Major Scale family. These scales are 
commonly used by such great bassist as Stu Hamm, Chris
Squire, Geddy Lee, Steve Harris, and many more.


These scales are known for their dissonant "odd" sound.
The half tone and whole tone scales are only common among 
extremely odd playing situations.You may hear alot of these
on soundtracks to horror movies or studio outakes for scary 
movies, as well as your favorite songs by your favorite 
artist or group.

                      A diminished 

G :------------------------------------------------------
D :-------------------4--6--7----------------------------
A :----------5--6--8-------------------------------------
E :-5--7--8----------------------------------------------
    A  B  C  D  D# F  F# G# A 

                       Half Tone

e :------------------------------------------------------
B :------------------------------------------------------
G :------------------------------------------------------
D :-------------------4--5--7----------------------------
A :----------4--6--7-------------------------------------
E :-5--6--8----------------------------------------------
    A  A# C  C# D# E  F# G  A

                      Whole Tone

e :------------------------------------------------------
B :------------------------------------------------------
G :------------------------------------------------------
D :----------------5--7----------------------------------
A :-------4--6--8----------------------------------------
E :-5--7-------------------------------------------------
    A  B  C# D# F  G  A 

                    Pentatonic Scales

Although these scales are not from the Diatonic scale family,
there is a major and minor pentatonic scale. Pent=5, Tonic=note
So basically this is a 5 note scale.These are among the most
common for rock/metal/country/southern rock bass guitar riffs.


G :----------------2-------------------------------------
D :----------2--4-----------------------5--7-------------
A :----2--4-----------------------5--7-------------------
E :-5-----------------------5--8-------------------------
    A  B  C# E  F# A        A  C  D  E  G  A
_________________________________________________________

                Other Dissonant Scales

These scales will provide a far eastern dissonant sound.

Enigmatic Scale              Hungarian Minor
G :------------------------------------------------------
D :-------------------6--7----------------------6--7-----
A :----------6--8--9-------------------6--7--8-----------
E :-5--6--9-------------------5--7--8--------------------
    A  A# C# D# F  F# G# A    A  B  C D# E  F G#  A

                 The Actual Blues Scale

Many guitarist are under the impression that they have 
learned the blues scale after they have learned the pentat-
onic minor scale. This is the actual blues scale which cont-
ains a flatted fifth from the diatonic major.

   A Blues Scale
G :------------------------------------------------------
D :----------------5--7----------------------------------
A :-------5--6--7----------------------------------------
E :-5--8-------------------------------------------------
    A  C  D  D# E  G  A

                    Mixo Blues Scale

This scale can be used in a variety of ways. It often sounds
best adding techniques like hammer-ons and pull-offs to the
added major 3rd note, C#.

   A Mixo Blues
G :------------------------------------------------------
D :-------------------5--7-------------------------------
A :-------4--5--6--7-------------------------------------
E :-5--8-------------------------------------------------
    A  C  C# D  D# E  G  A







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