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Bass Soloing

This lesson will pick up where lesson 2 left off.We will
first begin by learning the Blues scale in the key of A.
I will begin by showing you the basic box scale position,
then continue with showing many alternate  positions, for
playing this same scale.Then we'll move on to the ascending
and descending runs, which also work for bass fills, however
this is also a very valuable tool for bass soloing.

There are six notes in this scale.It's best if you focus on
memorizing the notes as you go. And when we begin bass fills
and in future lessons, soloing, it's best to try to think of
the Tonic note,(the note that starts the scale and gives it
it's letter name, like A note = A blues scale, or B note = B
blues scale, ect...) and it's octave(the same note at a higher

So, you should be thinking, start with A(tonic), end with A
(octave).This scale looks very similar to the Pentatonic minor,
only with an added note on the 6th fret, A string(the note is
D#, or E flat) which is a flatted 5th note, taken from the major

                    A Blues Scale

    Ascending           Descending

G :------------------------------------------------------
D :-----------------5--7--5------------------------------
A :--------5--6--7-----------7--6--5---------------------
E :--5--8----------------------------8--5----------------
     A  C  D  D# E  G  A  G  E  D# D C  A

             Other or Alternate Positions

  #1                       #2

G :----------------0--2--------------------0--2----------
D :-------0--1--2-----------------0--1--2----------------
A :----3--------------------0--3-------------------------
E :-5----------------------------------------------------

  #3                        #4

G :-----------------12--14------------------12--14-------
D :--------12-13-14----------------12-13-14--------------
A :-12--15----------------------15-----------------------
E :--------------------------17--------------------------

   For Basses that have more than 22 frets

G :---------------------------17--19--20--21--24---------
D :-------------------17--19-----------------------------
A :--------17--18--19------------------------------------
E :-17--20-----------------------------------------------
     A  C   D  D#  E   G  A    C   D  D#   E   G

                       Bass Fills

Bass Fills or song fills are basically the same as a lick,
which is a short melodic phrase of selected notes from a
scale. For example, a solo may have 4 parts, lick 1, lick 2,
lick 3, and lick 4. You can create licks from any scale,
choosing any notes that you like best, in any combination
when composing or writing a song.

That's why it's also important not only to learn scales and
theory, but to get a few good bass licks under your belt. I
have provided these bass licks for you as a basic foundation
and idea to enable you to not only play songs with the previous
riffs you have learned so far, but to add finess and style as
well as sound to your current playing abilities.

First, let's learn the bass fills (song fills, licks, ect...)
Then I'll show you where and when to add them to your riffs.

                      Bass Fills

   #1                        #2
      h                          p
G :------------------------------------------------------
D :--5--7--5-----5--------------7--5-----5---------------
A :-----------7-----7-6-5-------------7-----7-6-5--------
E :-----------------------8-----------------------8--5---

   #3                           #4                      

              h  h                p
G :------------------12---------14-12--12----------------
D :---------12-13-14---14------------14---14-13-12-------
A :--12--15--------------15-12---------------------15-12-
E :------------------------------------------------------


Notice that lick #2 and lick #4 are the same lick, however
played in different octaves.I highly reccomend that each bass
fill you learn, that you learn the same bass fill in every
octave and position you can find. This will take a bit of
thought, however, I can tell you from experience, could also
be a lifesaver at a gig if you are playing live and
accidentally break a string.

Now let's review the riffs
from lesson 2, and where and when to add the bass fills
from this lesson to your riffs.

Review from Lesson 2

   A     Riff#1     Riff#2         Riff#1       Riff#2       
G :------------------------------------------------------
D :-----7-5---5-7-------7-5------------7-5--5-7------7-5-
A :---------7---------------7-5-----------7--------------
E :-5-5------------5-5----------8--5-5-----------5-5-----

           D  Riff#1        Riff#2         A Riff#1

G :-------------7-5---5-7-------7-5----------------------
D :-----------------7---------------7-5--------7-5--5-7--
A :-7-5----5-5-------------5-5----------8----------7-----
E :-----8----------------------------------5-5-----------

   Riff #2          E Riff# 1    D Riff#2     A Riff#1

G :---------------------9-7--7-9-----7-5-----------------
D :-----7--5---------------9------------7-5-------7-5----
A :----------7-5----7-7----------5-5--------8------------
E :-5-5----------8----------------------------5-5--------

            A riff#2

G :------------------------------------------------------
D :---5--7------7-5--------------------------------------
A :-7---------------7--5------------start--over--or--end-
E :---------5-5-----------8------------------------------

                   ADDING THE BASS FILLS

Above was a review from lesson 2. Here are the same Riffs
in order.

A Riff 1, Riff 2, Riff 1, Riff 2
D Riff 1, Riff 2
A Riff 1, Riff 2
E Riff 1
D Riff 2
A Riff 1, Riff 2
start over/or end

A Riff 1, Riff 2, Riff 1, ADD BASS SONG FILL
D Riff 1, Riff 2,
A Riff 1, Riff 2
E Riff 1,
D Riff 2,
A Riff 1, Riff 2
start over/ or end

Here it is in Tab

  A Riff 1       Riff 2    Riff 1    ADD BASS SONG FILL

G :------------------------------------------------------
D :----7-5--5-7----7-5---------7-5-5-7---5--7--5---5-----
A :-------7-----------7-5---------7--------------7-------
E :-5-5---------5-5------8--5-5--------------------------

             D Riff 1     Riff 2      A Riff 1

G :--------------7-5--5-7----7-5-------------------------
D :-----------------7-----------7-5--------7-5---5-7-----
A :-7-6-5----5-5----------5-5-------8----------7---------
E :-------8-----------------------------5-5--------------

   A Riff 2    E Riff 1   D Riff 1     A Riff 1

G :---------------9-7-7-9----7-5-------------------------
D :----7-5-----------9----------7-5------------7-5---5-7-
A :-------7-5--7-7--------5-5-------8--------------7-----
E :-5-5------8-----------------------------5-5-----------

   A Riff 1
G :------------------------------------------------------
D :-----7-5----------------------------------------------
A :---------7-5-----------start-over--or--end------------
E :-5-5---------8----------------------------------------

Although there are many ways to alternate riffs using bass
song fills, this example is a very solid ground to start on.

For now until you are used to this new concept do 2 things.

First focus on learning and memorizing the information above.

Secondly, try adding the other bass song fills you learned in
this lesson, and where you learned to add the bass song fills as
explained above.This should keep you busy for now, and
providing that your practicing alot to improve, your fingers
should be more than beginning to limber up and improve in

For students who work, or have alternate activities, in order
to show a fast improvement, set aside 1 hour each day for your
practice schedule.Even if you have to divide these times.

Try practicing a half hour in the morning, half hour in the evening.

I have
made it a habit for years of practicing at least a half hour
in the morning,
then many hours in the evening.I have found
that morning
practice helps keep those thoughts of what you've
rehearsed in your mind
throughout the day.

Before we end this
lesson, this next part I'll be showing you the ascending and
descending versions of the pentatonic run, and blues run. Lets

                  Fingerings & Finger Codes

As a proffessional musician, I can tell you from experience that
certain fingerings can make playing much easier, and allow you not
only to play more properly, but also play faster. I allways attempt to
influence proper fingerings to my private students, especially when
learning scales. This also makes it easier to visualize what your
are learning and playing.So, follow these finger codes and use the
fingerings I have shown you for these runs.

You may later decide to use
an alternate fingering, however by using the same fingerings over
and over each time as you practice it will help you learn much
quicker.It's kind of like taking the same way to work or school

Before you know it, you'll be playing these subconciously, without
having to think about it!

Finger Codes
i = index
m = middle
r = ring
p = pinky
Note: I will show the fingerings under the tablature staffs,
 where I normally show the names of the notes.Lets begin.

A Pentatonic Minor Ascending Run With the 3rd Finger Slide

This is the same 5 notes as you learned in the pentatonic
box scales when learning 3 scale progression. A(tonic), C,
D, E, G. In future lessons, I'll be showing you extended
versions of this run, which is also a great tool for extended
bass song fills and bass soloing.

  Ascending                    Descending

          s         s                s            s
G :--------------5-7-9-12-14--14-12----------------------
D :----------5-7-------------------14-12-10--------------
A :----3-5-7-------------------------------12-10---------
E :--5------------------------------------------12-10-8-5
     r i r r i r i r r  i  r   r  i r  r  i r  i r  r i i

I have shown you an alternate version for descending, which
is much faster and smoother than trying to descend the first
ascending form.This will be self explanatory after a few tries.

                  A Blues Run Ascending

G :--------------------5---7--8--9--12--14---------------
D :---------------5--7-----------------------------------
A :----3--5--6--7----------------------------------------
E :-5----------------------------------------------------
    r  i  i  m  r  i r  i  i  m   r  i   r


G :-14--12-----------------------------------------------
D :--------14--13--12--10--------------------------------
A :-----------------------12--10-------------------------
E :------------------------------12--11--10--8---5-------

    r   i   r   m   i   i  r   i  r   m   i   i   i


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